This one confused me for a long time, so I figured I should write this down before I forgot again. Let $latex {M}&fg=000000$ be an abstract smooth manifold. We want to define the notion of a tangent vector to $latex {M}&fg=000000$ at a point $latex {p \in M}&fg=000000$. With that, we can define the tangent… Continue reading Constructing the Tangent and Cotangent Space